What is the worldview of the Bible?
Part 1: The origin of the universe, the biosphere and life.
A worldview is a comprehensive way of looking at the
world. One accepts certain fundamental ideas as true, and
interprets and interacts with the world from that perspective.
A person's worldview greatly influences how he orients his
life, for good or for ill. A wrong view of the world can have
extremely bad consequences.
The Bible has a clearly defined worldview that forms a
solid foundation for the life of a Christian.
The universe is finite.
The universe had a beginning and will have an end. The
first words of the Bible are, In the beginning (Genesis 1:1).
And Jesus said: Heaven and earth will pass away (Matthew
24:35). Peter describes the end of the universe thus: The
heavens will pass away with a great noise, and the elements
will melt with fervent heat (2 Peter 3:10).
That the mass/energy space/time universe had a beginning
and will have an end is consistent with scientific observations.
The sun and other stars are atomic reactors that emit light and
heat. Their fuel is limited, however, so they will eventually burn
out. Nor have they always existed because then they would
have burned out already. The universe is finite, as the Bible
God is eternal.
If something exists now, something must have always
existed, since something cannot come from nothing. What has
always existed? Matter is finite - it had a beginning and will
have an end - so it must be something immaterial that has
always existed. In addition to matter, spiritual realities are also
observed. Intelligence is the highest spiritual reality that one
perceives. Intelligence also has creative power. So, to come to
the conclusion that an intelligent, Spiritual Being has always
existed, is logical and compatible with scientific observations.
The universe was created by God.
The Bible states that an Eternal Spirit is the first cause of
the universe: In the beginning God created the heavens and
the earth (Genesis 1:1).
God is eternal. God has always existed and shall always
exist: Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever You
had formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to
everlasting, You are God (Psalm 90:2).
Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, Who was and is and
is to come! (Revelation 4:8).
God created the biosphere for man.
God formed the earth to be inhabited (Isaiah 45:18) and
made man to dwell on all the face of the earth (Acts 17:26).
The biosphere is the surface and atmosphere of the earth
where life can exist. The life-supporting, inhalable part of the
atmosphere is only three kilometers thick, only 0.0025% of the
diameter of the earth. Represented on my 30 cm globe, the
inhalable part of the atmosphere would be only three fourths of
1 mm thick.
The biosphere contains an amazing variety of intricately
designed, living organisms. An organism is an unimaginably
complex structure of interdependent elements that function in a
coordinated way to accomplish the functioning of the whole.
Each organism is irreducibly complex. This means that the
entire functioning complexity is required for the organism to
live at all. Even a one-cell organism, too small to see, contains
one hundred thousand million atoms and has thousands of
molecular production units producing a large variety of
substances, and performing functions, necessary for the life of
In addition to the irreducible complexity of each individual
organism, the biosphere is a complex ecosystem with many
different organisms whose interdependence is essential for the
functioning of the whole.
The biosphere was created within a short time.
The Bible describes creation as being accomplished in one
week through supernatural intervention: For in six days the
LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is
in them (Exodus 20:11).
Some mistakenly claim that these days represent long
periods of time.
Although the Hebrew word for day can sometimes
designate a different span of time, the days of the creation
week have a period of light and of darkness, and there is an
evening and a morning: God called the light day, and the
darkness He called night. So the evening and the morning were
the first day (Genesis 1:5).
A creation within a short time was necessary because of
the many interdependencies in the biosphere's balanced
Setting up a balanced aquarium illustrates this. One can
have an aquarium with the right quantities and types of plants
and fish so it can be sealed airtight and can survive with the
addition of light alone. Some do this as a hobby. This is
possible, but extremely difficult because everything must be
right from the start so the plants give oxygen to the fish and
the fish give carbon dioxide to the plants, and so the plants
provide food for the fish and the fish provide food for the
Likewise, the biosphere with its many complicated
interdependencies had to be completed ready-to-operate within
a short time. This is a powerful argument, not only for creation
within a short time, but for creation in general, because such a
complicated, balanced ecosystem consisting of thousands of
interdependent organisms could not have gradually arisen
through blind chance.
Life comes from life
Life forms were created integrally and were designed to
multiply according to their own kind: And the earth brought
forth grass, the herb that yields seed according to its kind, and
the tree that yields fruit, whose seed is in itself according to its
kind. And God saw that it was good (Genesis 1:12).
That life comes from life is a fundamental fact of biology.
Atheists have difficulty explaining the origin of life without
God. They must resort to belief in spontaneous generation, the
idea that life suddenly arose from nonliving matter. Now we
find it amusing, but in the Middle Ages atheists claimed that
worms appearing in waste proved spontaneous generation!
In 1686, the Italian physician and physicist, Francesco
Redi, proved that the idea of spontaneous generation was false.
He showed that no maggots develop in rotten meat if the meat
is covered with a light cloth to prevent flies from landing on it.
Still, many atheistic scholars continued to claim that life could
simply arise spontaneously from lifeless matter.
In 1768 the Italian physicist, Lazaaro Spallanzani, once
again proved scientifically that living creatures cannot simply emerge from
Almost a hundred years later, around 1860, Louis Pasteur
was finally able to convince the scientific community through
his tests and extensive documentation that the idea of
spontaneous generation is wrong. Life comes from life without
This fundamental observable fact of biology is fully in line
with Genesis, chapter one.
When rock-solid proof was supplied by empirical tests that
life does not come from lifeless matter, the people who reject
God had to come up with something else to prop up their false
theory of spontaneous generation. It is significant that Charles
Darwin published his books on evolution shortly after Louis
Pasteur's publications. Origin of Species was published in 1859
and The Descent of Man in 1871.
Although evolutionists finally had to admit that
spontaneous generation is not happening now, they claim that
it did happen once, millions and millions of years ago! This
incredible claim is not scientific. The theory of evolution is
contrary to the known facts of biology.
If life forms arose through evolution, more and more new
species ought to arise. According to the model of Genesis, no
species would be added, but the irrevocable extinction of
species would be possible. Which model corresponds with the
During the last four hundred years, there have been at
least 350 known cases of mammalian and avian species that
have died out. At the moment there are many endangered
species. On the basis of fossils, we know that thousands of
species have died out over the centuries. How many species
have been added in the last 400 years? None! The farther back
we go, the more species there were.
These facts correspond with the model in Genesis. In the
beginning, after creation, there was an abundance of
vegetation and a very wide variety of species. Over time,
however, there have been changes on earth that have reduced
the quality of the biosphere, especially during the Flood and
perhaps earlier, for example, when Adam and Eve had to leave
A plant-eating dinosaur of 75 tons could only survive on
earth when there was an abundance of vegetation! Also the
largest living beings on earth now, such as elephants and
whales - although they are small compared to certain species
that God originally created - are among the most endangered
species. Because they are so large, it is difficult for them to get
enough food. Hiding from hunters is also difficult when you are
that big! Many species have become extinct for various
The continual increase in human population also causes a
progressive deterioration of the biosphere with an
accompanying extinction of species that can no longer survive.
The empirical scientific facts are consistent with the model
of life on earth that is described in the Bible. Life comes from
life. The living God created life forms that reproduce after their
What is the worldview of the Bible?
The universe is finite. God is eternal. The universe was
created by God. The biosphere was created for man within a
short time. Life comes from life.
In part two, Lord willing, we will have a look at the biblical
worldview relative to man.
The Scripture quotations in this article are from The New King James Version. ©1979,1980,1982, Thomas Nelson Inc., Publishers unless indicated otherwise.